Current Issues in the Bioeconomy
In the U.S.
EU, government efforts to reduce fossil fuel
dependence are having the unintended
diverting renewable raw materials that have other essential uses. The negative impact
the food supply when biofuels are developed from edible agricultural sources is
a highly visible example.
Less well known is the adverse effect that biofuel incentives
and mandates have on the pine chemicals industry. This industry refines Crude Tall
Oil (CTO), a co-product of pulp and paper manufacturing, to
create higher value, bio-based chemical products that are used as intermediates in hundreds
of everyday products.
It’s been successfully using renewable
raw materials for over 80 years – thereby
making pine chemicals one of the
first "green” manufacturing industries.
The bioeconomy battleground
raises critical questions:
· When should a bio-based resource that has proven
value to one or more industries be consumed
as a fuel?
· Does it make sense for a robust and vital industry to be placed
an artificial and unfair competitive disadvantage while another
industry receives incentives and mandates
it can purchase the same raw materials at below market price?
Maximizes Natural Resources
Cascading use ensures that maximum value is derived from available biomass
From each co- product – or residue – another product should be made. The process
should continue and only when
nothing more can be extracted or
created, should it be made available
The pine chemicals industry produces a wide
array of chemicals.
Products from Crude Tall
Oil are used to
make inks, adhesives, paints, papermaking, soaps,
and mining chemicals.
After these "first round” chemicals are
developed, the industry
processes the remaining co-products into applications including dust control on roads and food additives.
After a "cascade”
of uses, the waste material then is burnt as
biofuel to produce heat and steam at the companies’ own facilities.
benefits of cascading use are that the pine chemicals industry
creates a biorenewable alternative to petroleum-based
dependence on fossil energies, and has a favorable direct and indirect economic
The pine chemicals industry asks governments for a level playing field
that does not incentivize the
burning of CTO as a biofuel to the detriment of an industry that already contributes to reduced carbon
About the Pine Chemicals Industry
Pine Chemicals are
environmentally friendly products that
as primary raw
from sustainable forestry sources. The chemicals
by this industry are used in
consumer products such as flavors
and fragrances, vitamin intermediates, disinfectants,
inks, adhesives, paints, papermaking, synthetic rubber production,
The Pine Chemicals Association (PCA) is the only association dedicated exclusively to the global pine chemicals industry. PCA represents rosin and terpene producers and consumers of
crude gum tapped
pine trees and producers and consumers of
papermaking co-products, including tall
oil rosin, tall oil
fatty acids and